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Urbanization and Industrialization in Central Asia: Looking for solutions to key development problems

01.05.2013

Urbanization and Industrialization in Central Asia: Looking for solutions to key development problems

Central Asian countries today practice a “concentration model” of urbanization, under whichpopulation and economic growth are centered in big cities, as the regionbecomes increasingly cognizant of the need to shift from an agrarian to anindustrial-agrarian type of economy. Cities and their agglomerations under thisnew economic model must act as drivers of growth, but they are having troublehandling the massive influx of people from underdeveloped areas. This economictransition requires better management of urbanization and industrializationprocesses.

Most of Central Asia’s modern cities developed during the Soviet period and weresubordinated to the command economy directed from Moscow. After the collapse ofthe USSR in 1991, the Central Asian were primarily agro-industrial economieswith predominantly rural populations.

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