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Expansion of the middle class in Uzbekistan. Means of social mobility

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Duration: June 2014 - April 2015

Expansion of the middle class in Uzbekistan. Means of social mobility

Today in Uzbekistan, the middle class forms about 28‒30% of the population. To support the social and economic development of the country, by 2030 this proportion needs to double. At present approximately 45‒48% of the population can be considered a "middle class reserve" ‒ people who under certain conditions could become part of the middle class. To facilitate their transition into the middle stratum of society, it is necessary to have a system of institutions providing means of social mobility.

The concept of "middle class" is closely related to the phenomenon of social mobility ‒ the movement of people up (or down) in the social hierarchy. This movement takes place through channels of social mobility, so-called social lifts ‒ the institutions that provide opportunities for people to improve their societal status. Such institutions include education systems and research activities, political organizations and the civil service, the labour market and entrepreneurship, service in the armed forces, professional sports and show business, informal social networks and others.

Social lifts generally select individuals having certain characteristics and provide them with the necessary resources and opportunities to improve their status in society. Each such social lift has both advantages and limitations for its use in policies aimed at expanding the middle class.

News on the topic:

Middle class as the factor of structural reforms and economic growth in Uzbekistan

Useful links
Policy Brief_Expansion of the middle class in Uzbekistan. Means of social mobility_2014