Preschool education as a factor of human development

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Duration: February 2017 - June 2017

Preschool education as a factor of human development

Ensuring the accessibility and increasing the coverage of children with preschool education by expanding the network of preschool educational institutions, radically improving the conditions in preschool educational institutions for comprehensive intellectual, aesthetic and physical development of children are considered among the key challenges of the development of education and science in the Strategy of Action for 2017- 2021 years.

Currently, in Uzbekistan, with sustained economic growth, increasing incomes, reducing poverty and increasing urbanization, the coverage of preschool children remains low (about 18%), and there is a tendency to reduce it.

Despite the country's transition to the segment of middle per capita income, Uzbekistan is at the level of developing countries with low per capita incomes. For instance, preschool education coverage in Kyrgyzstan is 22.7%, in Kazakhstan - 81.6%, in some Arab countries about 20%, in South and West Asia, coverage on average is 40%. In countries such as Belgium, France, Italy, Spain the coverage of children with preschool education reaches 100% level.

The low coverage and low quality of preschool education causes an increased risk of children being unprepared for school, and the lack of proper attention on the part of parents exacerbates this problem. In the future, this often leads to chronic underachievement of children receiving the following types of educational services. In general, this creates a different platform for the starting level of development of children.

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Preschool education as a factor of human development