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  • New vision for developing NGO sector in Uzbekistan in the context of ongoing political and economic modernization

New vision for developing NGO sector in Uzbekistan in the context of ongoing political and economic modernization

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Duration: November 2009 - August 2010

New vision for developing NGO sector in Uzbekistan in the context of ongoing political and economic modernization

At present, there are more than 5000 NGOs in Uzbekistan acting in various spheres. Today the main source of grant financing of domestic NGOs’ activity is resources of the Public Fund for support of nongovernmental noncommercial organizations and other institutions of the civil society at the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan which are distributed among NGOs through provision of grants, subsidies and placement of the state orders. The specially created Parliamentarian Commission manages the resources of the Fund. At present the state financing of NGOs grows steadily: in 2010 it is planned to allocate 4.5 million Soums from the state budget to support NGOs and other civil society organizations (to compare, 4 million Soums were allocated in 2009).

Assessing the existing system of interrelations between the state and NGOs, it is worth noting that the key problem is the gap between the state programs to support NGOs and the development objectives of the country. A striking example is that more than 60% of projects financed via state grants in 2009 are directed to professional education and employment of people with disabilities, generally women. Thus the state has not yet determined the aim of NGOs’ existence, their role in the socioeconomic development of the country and necessary directions of their activity. There is no monitoring and evaluation of the results of certain projects’ financing. Thereby, to date it is necessary to create an effective NGOs’ sector working in the most priority spheres.

The objective of the research is to render assistance in formation of new approaches and a new vision of the state on the role and the place of NGOs in the processes of political and economic modernization in Uzbekistan in the medium and long term. In the framework of a new vision it is necessary to develop, test and introduce new mechanisms and forms of NGOs’ work, including social orders providing active participation of NGOs in the processes of formulation, approval, introduction, monitoring and evaluation of programs, first of all in the social sphere.