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  • Preschool education as a factor of human development

Preschool education as a factor of human development

Preschool education as a factor of human development

Publication year: 2017

Type: Policy Paper

Keywords: preschool education, Uzbekistan, regional difference, educational institutions

Ensuring the accessibility and increasing the coverage of children with preschool education by expanding the network of preschool educational institutions, radically improving the conditions in preschool educational institutions for comprehensive intellectual, aesthetic and physical development of children are considered among the key challenges of the development of education and science in the Strategy of Action for 2017- 2021 years.

Currently, in Uzbekistan, with sustained economic growth, increasing incomes, reducing poverty and increasing urbanization, the coverage of preschool children remains low (about 18%), and there is a tendency to reduce it.

Despite the country's transition to the segment of middle per capita income, Uzbekistan is at the level of developing countries with low per capita incomes. For instance, preschool education coverage in Kyrgyzstan is 22.7%, in Kazakhstan - 81.6%, in some Arab countries about 20%, in South and West Asia, coverage on average is 40%. In countries such as Belgium, France, Italy, Spain the coverage of children with preschool education reaches 100% level.

The low coverage and low quality of preschool education causes an increased risk of children being unprepared for school, and the lack of proper attention on the part of parents exacerbates this problem. In the future, this often leads to chronic underachievement of children receiving the following types of educational services. In general, this creates a different platform for the starting level of development of children.

Given the relevance of this problem, the report addresses the analysis of the existing system and identifies bottlenecks in preschool education, identifies the reasons for low enrollment of children, with emphasis on rural population, the problems of providing preschool educational institutions with qualified pedagogical and educational personnel.

The report closes with the relevant conclusions and practical recommendations for improving the current situation of the preschool education system.


The views and opinions expressed in this material do not necessarily reflects the official position of the Center for Economic Research or the United Nations Development Programme.

© Сenter for Economic Research, 2017 (www.cer.uz)

All copyrights belong to the Сenter for Economic Research. Any reproduction of this Policy Paper or use of portions thereof are permitted only with written permission; reference to the source is mandatory. With regard to all questions concerning reprints, translation or acquisition of the printed versions, please contact the following address: 5, 1st blind alley, Shota Rustaveli Str., Tashkent 100070, Uzbekistan. Phone: (+998 71) 150-02-02 Tashkent, Uzbekistan.



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